Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Detection and Symptoms

The importance of screening and early detection is key for long-term survival. Prostate cancer diagnosed early, while still confined to the prostate gland, has a much better chance of successful treatment. Screening for prostate cancer consists of a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and a digital rectal examination. Men should start being screened for prostate cancer at the age of 50. Screening should start earlier, at age 40, for men with the following predisposing factors:

  • African-American ethnicity
  • All men with a family history of prostate cancer in either the mother or father's side
  • An elevated prostate-specific antigen and/or an irregular feeling prostate or nodule in the prostate found on digital rectal examination.
The diagnosis of prostate cancer is made on the basis of a prostate biopsy performed under ultrasound guidance generally in the physician's office.

Treatment Options

Treatment for prostate cancer may include one or more of the following:

  • Robotic radical prostatectomy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Radiation therapy