Vasectomy Procedure

After having children, many men choose to undergo a vasectomy as a form of permanent birth control. During a vasectomy, the tubes that carry the sperm are cut and sealed, thereby preventing the sperm from mixing with the semen during ejaculation. Even after a vasectomy, a patient will continue to produce sperm in his testicles. However, this sperm will eventually be reabsorbed into the body. Additionally, patients will still ejaculate the same amount of semen as they did prior to the surgery; the only difference is that this ejaculate no longer contains sperm.

Prior to a vasectomy, a patient and his partner must be absolutely sure that they do not want to have children in the future. Vasectomy reversals are possible, but do carry risks and are not guaranteed to be successful. A vasectomy should be considered a permanent procedure. Our physicians do not perform vasectomy reversals.

What to Expect During a Vasectomy

Stop taking blood thinning medications (such as aspirin) several days before surgery, as these medications can affect the surgical results. Additionally, patients will need to cut the hair around the surgical area and arrange for transportation home after the procedure.

During surgery, patients will be given a local anesthesia. A small incision is then made in the upper part of the scrotum. Once the vas deferens is located, it is sealed and placed back into the scrotum. All in all, the procedure is performed very quickly, often within 15 to 20 minutes.

Vasectomy Recovery

Following a vasectomy, patients will not be allowed to drive home, which is why it’s necessary to arrange transportation prior to the surgery. After the procedure, patients may experience bruising, swelling, and moderate amounts of pain, but these issues should resolve within a few days after the procedure.

To help facilitate vasectomy recovery, patients will be advised to perform the following:

  • Apply cold packs to the scrotum
  • Wear snug underwear or jockstraps
  • Refrain from physical activity
  • Contact a doctor if you have signs of infection
  • Avoid sexual activity for a week or two

Once patients are comfortable enough, they can begin engaging in sexual activity again, though it’s crucial that birth control is used for the first few months after a vasectomy. Until a patient’s sperm count is at zero, it’s still possible to impregnate your partner. A follow-up appointment a few months after surgery can allow doctors to check a patient’s sperm count.

When your sperm count reaches zero, you will be free to engage in sexual activity without worrying about getting your partner pregnant.